Also known as Amihanang Mindanao or Pangotaraan Mindanao, it is one of the regions in Mindanao, one of the three island groups in the Philippines. Surigao Del Norte: The capital city of Surigao Del Norte province is Surigao City Iloilo: The capital city of Iloilo province is Iloilo City. [51] Iligan City has The Maria Christina Falls, Tinago Falls, nature parks, beaches, and historical landmarks. [clarification needed][9] The evidence of old stone tools in Zamboanga del Norte may indicate a late Neolithic presence. There is also a growing call center sector in the region, mostly centered in Davao City. Agriculture, forestry and fishing make up more than 40% of Mindanao's market, being the country's largest supplier of major crops such as pineapples and bananas. ↑ The National Statistical Coordination Board recognizes both Bongao and Panglima Sugala as capitals of the province. List of Municipalities in Misamis Occidental Province within Region X in the Republic of The Philippines. Its largest islands are the Luzon landmass, Palawan, Mindoro, Masbate, and Catanduanes.. As of 2015, Luzon had a total population of 57,470,097, representing 56.91% of the entire population of the Philippines. Agusan Del Sur: The capital of Agusan Del Sur province is Prosperidad In 1521 Antonio Pigafetta wrote an account of reaching 'Maingdano.' [10] Around the 16th century, the Muslim sultanates of Sulu, Lanao and Maguindanao were established from formerly Hindu-Buddhist Rajahnates. The island consists of 6 administrative regions,[35] 22 provinces, and 30 cities (27 provinces and 33 cities if associated islands are included). [58], The Manila Electric Company (Meralco), the largest power distributor in the Philippines, and Global Business Power Corp (GBPC), also a major provider, have announced plans to enter Mindanao for the first time to establish solutions for the power problems within the island. There are several places in the Zamboanga Mountains where small inter-mountain basins have been created, with some potential for future agricultural development. Dinagat Islands: The capital of Dinagat Islands province is San Jose There are 27 provinces in total. [13][unreliable source] The Sultanates resisted Spanish pressure and attempts to convert them to Christianity during this period. Hiligaynon is the main language of Soccsksargen, where majority of the inhabitants are of ethnic Hiligaynon stock. [18], Mindanao was peaceful and increasingly progressive in the postwar period, including the 1950s and the mid-1960s. Lanao Del Sur – Marawi City 3. NEDA official said that 68% of that budget will be allotted for the transportation sector, while 16% will go to water resources, and 6% to social infrastructure. This range is mainly structural in origin, but it also contains at least three active volcano peaks. Please refer to the list below. English is also widely understood and spoken, being highly utilized in business and academia. 342,618), Butuan (pop. Other parts of the island consist mainly of Cenozoic and Quaternary volcanic or sedimentary rocks. The southern Philippines island of Mindanao - second largest island of the Philippines - showing provincial capitals and boundaries. High, rugged, faulted mountains; almost isolated volcanic peaks; high rolling plateaus; and broad, level, swampy plains are found there. Mount Apo is the highest point in the Philippines. 35 miles (56 km) north of the head of Davao Gulf lies the watershed between the Agusan and the tributaries of the Libuganon River, which flows to the Gulf. [50] Ziplining is the main attraction at the Dahilayan Adventure Park in Bukidnon. The Limunsudan Falls, with an approximate height of 800 ft (240 m), is the highest waterfall in the Philippines; it is located in Iligan City. [22][23], Near the end of Ferdinand Marcos' first presidential term, news about the Jabidah massacre ignited a furor in the Moro community, and ethnic tensions encouraged with the formation of secessionist movements. [citation needed] Joining them are the equally indigenous Visayan groups in coastal areas like the Butuanons, Surigaonons, and Kagay-anons of Northern Mindanao and the Caraga region as well as the Zamboangueños of the eponymous peninsula, along with descendants of modern settlers from the Visayas and Luzon (chiefly from the former), among them the Cebuanos and the Hiligaynons. The island is mountainous, and is home to Mount Apo, the highest mountain in the country. Camiguin. Sulu: The capital of Sulu province is Jolo Luzon is the most populated of the three island groups making up the Philippine Archipelago. Another of Mindanao's waterfall sites is located in Malabang, 15 miles (24 km) south of Lake Lanao. [citation needed]. These mountains, reaching heights of only 1,200 meters (3,900 feet), are not as high as the other structural belts in Mindanao. Many of these are tiny isolated pockets, along the northwest coast of Zamboanga. The capital city is Oroquieta. Archaeological findings on the island point to evidence of human activity dating back about ten thousand years. Most of the casualties were from Cagayan de Oro and Iligan. 861,799), Cagayan de Oro (pop. CENTRAL LUZON. CALABARZON stands for CA vite, LA guna, BA tangas, R izal and Que ZON ; MIMAROPA stands for Occidental and Oriental MI ndoro, MA rinduque, RO mblon and PA lawan; and SOCCSKSARGEN stands for SO uth C otabato, C … Chapter XXXIV, See "History of the Philippines: From Indios Bravos to Filipinos" By Luis H. Francia|, For an in-depth survey of indigenous peoples and forced land seizures in the Philippines, see, Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), Learn how and when to remove this template message, 1930 Convention Between the United States and Great Britain, Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities", "Census of Population (2015): Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population (Report)", "Mindanao Comprised About 24 Percent of the Philippines' Total Population", "The History of Subanon since the Neolithic Era or Stone Age", "Ruy Lopez de Villalobos begun his expedition to the Philippines November 1, 1542", "SECOND BOOK OF THE SECOND PART OF THE CONQUESTS OF THE FILIPINAS ISLANDS, AND CHRONICLE OF THE RELIGIOUS OF OUR FATHER, ST. AUGUSTINE", The Bangsamoro Struggle for Self-Determintation: A Case Study, "Sendong (2011) Floods in Cagayan de Oro and Iligan | Project NOAH Blog", "Duterte declares Martial Law in Mindanao, cuts short Russia trip MOSCOW, Russia", "ARMM: More than 183,500 displaced by Marawi crisis", "A year after siege, Marawi families seek closure", "Bringing Mindanao into the fold | BusinessWorld", "Davao Region surprises with historic 10.9% GRDP growth in 2017", "ZAMBOANGA CITY HISTORY, PHILIPPINES (Official Website of PhilTravelcenter.com - Zamboanga City, Philippines)", "Brief History - Provincial Government of Bukidnon", "Muslim Population in Mindanao (based on POPCEN 2015", "The Top 10 Things to Do in Siargao Island 2017 - Must See Attractions in Siargao Island, Philippines | TripAdvisor", "Top 50 Must-visit Tourist Destinations in Davao City | WayPH.com", "DLPC eyeing other power sources as dry spell worsens - MindaNews", "Mindanao power problem close to solution", https://www.mumbainews.net/news/265762115/despite-pandemic-mindanao-film-festival-will-push-thru-this-year, Mindanao Development Authority Official Website, BARMM – Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mindanao&oldid=991695947, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in Philippine English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2015, Articles with failed verification from April 2020, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with empty sections from August 2020, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using image label with a wide image, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2017, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 25,537,691 (2018) (Mindanao island group) (2010), Mindanao Film Festival (Established in 2003), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 10:32. The 1900 Treaty of Washington and the 1930 Convention Between the United States and Great Britain clarified the borders between Mindanao and Borneo. From 27 provinces, 33 cities, Mindanao is now back to 25 provinces and 27 cities. [17] In the months of April and May 1942, Japanese forces defeated US troops commanded by William F. Sharp and Guy Fort, in a battle that started at Malabang (a town close to Gandamatu Macadar, Lanao) and ended close to the town of Ganassi, Lanao. Capital - Balanga City. [citation needed] Filipino soldiers and local guerrilla fighters were actively fighting Japanese forces until liberation at the conclusion of the Battle of Mindanao. Can you guess the capital of its provinces? Dozens of languages are spoken in Mindanao; among them, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Surigaonon, Tausug, Maranao, Maguindanao, and Chavacano are most widely spoken. Other ethnic groups included Bisaya/Binisaya (18.4%), Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (8.2%), Maguindanaon (5.5%), and Maranao (5.4%). What are the highest mountains in … In Misamis Oriental, the plain is narrower and in places whittle into rugged capes that reach the sea. In other areas such as the Davao Plain, these coastal lowlands are 16 km (9.9 mi) wide and several times in length. President Duterte on Monday extended the month-long general community quarantine classification of Metro Manila, the provinces of Batangas, Lanao del Sur and Davao del Norte; and the cities of Iloilo, Tacloban, Iligan, and Davao from December 1 to 31. This video is unavailable. ↑ Figures include the independent city of Zamboanga. DAVAO CITY (MindaNews/29 August) – From 27 provinces and 33 cities in 2008, Mindanao is back to having only 25 provinces and 27 cities with the Supreme Court reiterating its November 18, 2008 decision declaring unconstitutional the cityhood laws converting 16 towns into cities, six of them in Mindanao. [54] Davao has Mt Apo, parks, museums, beaches, historical landmarks, and scuba diving resorts. [3] About 70% of residents identify as Christian and 24% as Muslim. Search. [52] There are parks, historical buildings, the Vinta Ride at Paseo del Mar, boat villages, 11 Islands (commonly called as Onçe Islas), 17th-century Fort Pilar Shrine & Museum and the world-renowned Pink Sand Beach of Sta. This comprises 22.1 percent of the entire population of the country.[39]. These falls hold considerable promise for development of hydroelectric energy. Malaybalay City. Ethnic tensions were minimal, and there was essentially no presence of secessionists groups in Mindanao. Northern Mindanao (Region X) is an administrative region in the Philippines covering the provinces of Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, and Misamis Oriental, as well as the highly urbanized cities of Cagayan de Oro and Iligan. Mistrust and a cycle of violence are still felt today due to the creation of the Ilaga. The first mosque in the Philippines was built in the mid-14th century in the town of Simunul, Tawi-Tawi. The list of largest cities and municipalities in Mindanao in terms of population is shown in the table below. From Dipolog City eastward along the northern coast of Mindanao approaching Butuan City extends a rolling coastal plain of varying width. Mindanao's economy accounts for 14% of the country's gross domestic product. The region grew 4.9% in 2016 against Luzon's 5.5% and Visayas' 9.1%. Zamboanga City’s quarantine status was reclassified back to GCQ from MGCQ from July 16 to 31 along with Butuan City and the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Basilan. One of the well-known mountains here is Mount Parker, whose almost circular crater lake measures a mile-and-a-quarter in diameter and lies 300 m (980 ft) below its 2,040 m (6,690 ft) summit. [24] Early Moro secessionist movements such as the Muslim Independence Movement and the Bangsamoro Liberation Organization were largely political in nature, but the prohibition of political parties after Marcos' 1972 declaration of Martial Law led to the founding and dominance of armed groups such as the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Mount Dapia is the highest mountain in the Zamboanga Peninsula, reaching a height of 2,617 m (8,586 ft). An American census conducted in the early 1900s noted that the island was inhabited by people "greatly divided in origin, temperament and religion". In Western Mindanao, a range of complex structural mountains forms the long, hand-like Zamboanga Peninsula. Click the image for Map in PDF format or click here for Map … Indianized abugida scripts such as Kawi and Baybayin was introduced via Sulawesi and Java, and the cultural icons of the sarong (known as malong or patadyong), the pudong turban, silk, and batik and ikat weaving and dyeing methods were introduced. Zamboanga Sibugay: The capital of Zamboanga Sibugay province is Ipil, English Tagalog Dictionaries with Free Delivery Worldwide, Visa Issues for Foreigners in the Philippines, Requirements for an ECC – Exit Clearance Certificate. MINDANAO CONVERSATIONS EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE (MCEC) of Cebu requested King Ferdinand VII of Spain for Jesuits in his diocese; but the Jesuits did not have enough personnel. These provinces are under the following regions; Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao, Davao, SOCCSKSARGEN, Caraga, and Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. Of all the islands of the Philippines, Mindanao shows the greatest variety of physiographic development. Ceramic burial jars, both unglazed and glazed, as well as Chinese celadons, have been found in caves, together with shell bracelets, beads, and gold ornaments. Misamis Occidental is also a part of Region X, Northern Mindanao. Foreigners Leaving Philippines. Guimaras: The capital city of Guimaras province is Jordan. BATAAN. Lanao Del Sur: The capital city of Lanao Del Sur province is Marawi City [12] He called the island "Caesarea Caroli" after Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (and I of Spain). Zamboanga City, an urbanised center in southwest Mindanao, is expected to begin experience daily three-hour brownouts due to the National Power Corporation's decision to reduce power supply in the city by 10 megawatts. Tawi-tawi: The capital of Tawi-tawi province is Bongao Those who survived were rendered homeless, seeking shelter in evacuation centers. [33] While the region's economy is predominantly agri-based, it is now developing into a center for agro-industrial business, trade and tourism. The ARMM included the province of Shariff Kabunsuan from its creatio [53] There are festivals, fireworks, and the Beras Bird Sanctuary in Takurong City. The Duka Bay[48] and the Matangale[49] dive resorts in Misamis Oriental offer glass bottomed boat rides and scuba diving lessons. 337,063) and Cotabato City (pop. The name itself means "people of the lake (Lanao)", though it is usually translated to "people of the flood plains" in modern sources.[8]. Basilan – Lamitan City 4. According to the 2015 Philippine Population Census, Davao City is the most populous city on the island, with 1,632,991 residents, followed by Zamboanga City (pop. Maps of mindanao cities and provinces.Davao the capital of mindanao s the largest city on mindanao. The central and northern portions of this range contain several peaks between 2,000 and 2,600 m (6,600 and 8,500 ft), and here the belt of mountains is about 30 miles (48 km) across. The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao was an autonomous region of the Philippines, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that consisted of five predominantly Muslim provinces: Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi. Map of Misamis Occidental. [23] Ethnic conflicts continued to escalate, leading to incidents like the 1971 Manili Massacre, the Pata Island Massacre, and htge Palimbang massacre. Most of the northern, eastern, and southern coastal regions inhabited by Visayans (Surigaonon and Butuanon) and other groups were later converted to Christianity by the Spanish. There is some indication that the Agusan Valley occupies a broad syncline between the central mountains and the east-coast mountains. Mount Ragang, an active volcano cone reaching 2,815 m (9,236 ft), is the most isolated, while the greatest height is reached by Mount Kitanglad at 2,889 m (9,478 ft). The rest of the country is … Its competitive advantage is in agri-industry as its products, papayas, mangoes, bananas, pineapples, fresh asparagus, flowers, and fish products are exported internationally. Lanao (1914–1959) – Divided into Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao an Autonomous region of the Philippines, situated in the Mindanao island gathering of the Philippines, that involves five dominatingly Muslim areas: Basilan (aside from Isabela City), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. Province capital City Town with more than 100 000 inhabitants ... Map of Mindanao Island Mindanaomaps.com 20100316 0 100 200 300 km PAG Pagadian IPE Ipil RPMX Liloy XSO Siocon ZAM The table below contains the list of provinces found in Mindanao. However, the provincial capitol is located in Bongao, the de facto seat of government. Siargao, best known for its surfing tower in Cloud 9, also has caves, pools, waterfalls, and lagoons. [4], Mindanao is considered the major breadbasket of the Philippines,[5] with eight of the top 10 agri-commodities exported from the Philippines coming from there. image located by Valentin Poposki, 2 January 2012 The Province of Bukidnon, Philippines, has a new flag:http://www.bukidnon.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=274&Itemid=360. The storm killed 1,268 people, with 49 others listed as missing. But from August 1 to 15, only Zamboanga City in Mindanao is under GCQ. Davao City was among the earliest to be occupied by the invading Japanese forces. Summary of regions comprising Mindanao, their provinces and capitals: REGION IX ZAMBAONGA PENINSULA REGION Regional Capital : Pagadian City, Zamboanga del Sur Province Capital ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE - Dipolog City ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR - Pagadian City ZAMBOANGA SIBUGAY - Ipil REGION X NORTHERN MINDANAO REGION Regional Capital: Cagayan De Oro … The elevation of this divide is well under 200 m (660 ft), indicating the almost continuous nature of the lowland from the Mindanao Sea on the north to the Davao Gulf. Capital. 594,446), Iligan (pop. In Soccsksargen, it was Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (31.58%), Binisaya/Bisaya (33.10%) in Zamboanga Peninsula, Maranao (26.40%) in ARMM, and Surigaonon (25.67%) in Caraga. Many of the ceramic objects are from the Yuan and Ming periods. Map of Mindanao (Provinces with Capital) Map of Mindanao (Provinces with Capital) Skip navigation Sign in. 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