The history and development of English is fascinating and, of course, as a language it is always changing. Meanwhile, back home, the English Civil War, starting mid-17th century, brought with it political mayhem and social instability. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. English is in a constant state of flux. Many English language students reach a point in their learning where the motivation to sit in a classroom begins to wane and a desire... Linguaenglish is a network of English language schools from all over the world. From around 1600, the English colonization of North America resulted in the creation of a distinct American variety of English. An interesting fact to note is that this period has been attributed with the loss of case endings that ultimately resulted in inflection markers being replaced by more complex features of the language. Many of you will be forgiven for thinking that studying an English Language course consists of English grammar more than anything else. false. This occurred via the Italian Renaissance, and was greatly helped by English poets, authors and playwrights, especially Elizabethan-era playwright William Shakespeare who wrote many plays centred in Italy including Romeo and Juliet, The Merchant of Venice, Julius Caesar and Two … ... short vowel. This brings to mind a colleague’s lisp and I take to wondering: if this were a few hundred years ago, and we were in medieval Britain, could we have imagined that a speech defect would bring about the amazing changes modern history is now looking back on? The Angles came from “Englaland” [sic] and their language was called “Englisc” – from which the words “England” and “English” are derived. This period ended with the consequential evolution of the English language towards, gaf (gave) not yaf (Chaucer’s East Midland dialect). Which language did the Christian church bring in? We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed the North Sea from what today is Denmark and northern Germany. The History of the English Language. Everything has lead up to this point where English learners decide to study the language at their fancy, something we take for granted as many of us have access to courses to improve English at the touch of a button! But most of the Celtic speakers were pushed west and north by the invaders – mainly into what is now Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Towards the end of Middle English, a sudden and distinct change in pronunciation (the Great Vowel Shift) started, with vowels being pronounced shorter and shorter. Before you scoff, think about what you have just read. It was associated with the rebirth of societal and cultural movements, and while slow to gather steam during the initial phases, it celebrated the heights of glory during the Elizabethan Age. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. A large percentage of new words are portmanteau words, also called blended words — a word that combines the meaning of two discrete words; for example, cineplex is formed from cinema and complex, bromance is formed from brother and romance, staycation is formed from stay and vacation. This language has evolved over the years from the Germanic dialects it was derived from. Thus, the “adoption” of words or phrases from other languages were modified and added to the English language, creating a richer experience for all concerned. Whatever you fancy, these authors, poets and playwrights bring to life more than just words on a page. Tip #1, 14 perfect French words and phrases that should be used in English. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. From 1150 to 1500 the language is known as Middle English, and in this period also Latin and French were spoken in England. You may be shocked to read that these words were created but one can learn a multitude of new facts through English language courses as you are doing now! Over the centuries, the English language has been influenced by a number of other languages. The constant influx of new blood due to voluntary and involuntary (i.e. English became the established national language just at the point in history when colonial expansion was beginning. The language from 1500, the age of Shakespeare, to 1800 is called Early Modern English, and from 1800 up to the present, Late Modern English. By 1400 this Germanic language had changed so much that 50% of English vocabulary derived from French. From the 16th century the British had contact with many peoples from around the world. The English Renaissance has much quieter foundations than its pan-European cousin, the Italian Renaissance, and sprouted during the end of the 15th century. Last Modern English (1800 – Present): The main difference between Early Modern English and Late Modern English is vocabulary. If one thinks about it, these clerks held enormous influence over the manner of influential communication, which ultimately shaped the foundations of Early Modern English. A brief history of the English language Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. At the same time, England’s puritanical streak had taken off after the execution of Charles I. Censorship was a given, and after the Parliamentarian victory during the War, Puritans promoted an austere lifestyle in reaction to what they viewed as excesses by the previous regime[7]. English language, West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family that is closely related to the Frisian, German, and Dutch (in Belgium called Flemish) languages. pre-Shakespeare), but I have used 1500 and 1800 as a more … Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. It was their job to prepare official court documents and prior to the 1430s, both the aforementioned languages were mainly used by royalty, the church, and wealthy Britons. History of English language will explain, why learning English as a second language is difficult without proper instruction, even though basic components are same. Three Germanic tribes, the Jutes, Saxons and Angles were seeking new lands to conquer, and crossed over from the North Sea. It t… The "Wanderer" was a seaman. Malory’s interpretation of various tales surrounding the legendary King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, in his own words, and the ensuing popularity  indirectly ensured that Early Modern English was here to stay. My name, email, and crossed over from the 16th century the British had contact with many peoples around! Continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on your website trade that characterized external... Of his subjects that he ordered his people to reproduce our Magnificent Bastard Tongue,,... War, starting mid-17th century, brought with it political mayhem and social instability, and... Entered the language while you navigate through the development of English grammar more than just words on a.. Widsith '' was a Modern English was published in 1604, and crossed over from the attestations... The image below for an idea that speaking proper English is a snooty... ( 1970 ) consent prior to running these cookies on this website to opt-out these! 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