Most of what was traded was expensive luxury goods. Books Mark, J. J. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. The closure of the Silk Road initiated the Age of Discovery (1453-1660 CE) which would be defined by European explorers taking to the sea and charting new water routes to replace over-land trade. Most of what was traded was expensive luxury goods. Besides silk, the Chinese also exported (sold) teas, salt, sugar, porcelain, and spices. Varieties of millet, rice and other crops traveled the opposite way through the Gansu Corridor and reached western Asia and Europe from the fifth millennium to the second millennium BC. Mark, published on 01 May 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. He sent an expedition to … Th term “silk road” was first used by German geograpist Ferdinand fon Rightghophen in 1877: The term marked the trade path that linked the ancient Rome with China. When the Byzantine Empire fell to the Turks in 1453 CE, the Ottoman Empire closed the Silk Road and cut all ties with the west. Porcelain was another invention that was prized in the West. Then the empires of the Song (960–1279) and Yuan (1279–1368) greatly increased the production and nurtured large-scale silk industries that helped supply the Eurasian market with quality silk. A freelance writer and former part-time Professor of Philosophy at Marist College, New York, Joshua J. The Silk Road. But there were other important exports as well. Silk Road. Camel with Guide, Tang Dynastyby Jan van der Crabben (CC BY-NC-SA). It went along the northern borders of China, India, and Persia and ended up in Eastern Europe near today’s Turkey and the Mediterranean Sea. Of course, the people in the west commonly paid in gold and silver. Local breeds were considered too small, and they wanted better horses to use in battles against nomads and enemy cavalry. One such example can be found in wild silphion which was gathered in Northern Africa and traded along the Silk Road to create one of the foundations of the wealth of Carthage and Kyrene. The plan was successful and initiated the Byzantine silk industry. Later Chinese received other agricultural crops such as string beans, alfalfa, sesame, onions, cucumbers, and carrots. The ancient Silk Road contributed greatly to the cultural exchange between China and the West. These paths eventually crossed down into the Indian sub-continent, across Mesopotamia, and over into Egypt. The people on the Silk Road traded many items. https://www.ancient.eu/Silk_Road/. Transregional Trade: the Silk Road. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 01 May 2018. The Age of Discovery would impact cultures around the world as European ships claimed some lands in the name of their god and country and influenced others by introducing western culture and religion and, at the same time, these other nations influenced European culture. In the area of religion and philosophy, the Chinese were net importers. The religious beliefs of people along the Silk Road at the beginning of the 1st century BCE were very different from what they would later become. The island of Kos became wealthy & luxurious through their manufacture of silk clothing. Sheep were largely unknown in the eastern empires. The engineers built siege weapons from materials on site. Thanks to its light weight, compactness, enormous demand and high price it … The closing of the Silk Road forced merchants to take to the sea to ply their trade, thus initiating the Age of Discovery which led to world-wide interaction and the beginnings of a global community. 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